Glossary beginning with A

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Absolute Title Conversion

The title to Lands registered in Ontario can be upgraded to absolute using an application to amend the register and following the prescribed procedure. In Ontario the resulting absolute title is referred to as Land Titles Absolute Plus. Reasons for upgrading title from LTCQ to LT+ include: The resolution of title disputes or adverse claims. The development of land by condominium or subdivision. A lender may require absolute title prior to the advancement of funds.

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Abstract of Title

A written summary of the history of ownership and claims against a particular property.

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Accepted Engineering Principles

Those current coastal and hydraulic engineering principles, methods and procedures that would be judged by a peer group of qualified engineers (by virtue of their training and experience), as being reasonable for the scale and type of project being considered, the sensitivity of the location, and the potential threats to life and property.

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Accepted Geotechnical Principles

Those current geotechnical engineering principles, methods and procedures that would be judged by a peer group of qualified engineers (by virtue of their training and experience), as being reasonable for the scale and type of project being considered, the sensitivity of the location, and the potential threats to life and property.

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Accepted Scientific Principles

Those current principles, methods and procedures, which are used and applied in disciplines such as geology, geomorphology, hydrology, botany and zoology, and would be judged by a peer group of qualified specialists and practitioners (by virtue of their training and experience), as being reasonable for the scale and type of project being considered, the sensitivity of the location, and the potential threats to life and property.

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Accretion

Growth or increase by the gradual accumulation of additional material.

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Accuracy

The degree to which the result of a measurement, calculation, or specification conforms to the correct value or a standard.

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Acquiescence

Implied consent to a transaction, to the accrual of a right, or to any act by one's silence or without express assent.

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Acre

Is an imperial measurement. The (English) acre is a unit of area equal to 43,560 square feet (10 square chains, 160 square poles or 0.4047 hectares).

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Act

A bill that is passed by the legislative assembly after its third reading and that receives royal assent is enacted and becomes an Act, i.e. the law. The terms "statute" and "act" are interchangeable

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Ad Filum Aquae

To the central line, or middle, of the stream. Literally, to the thread of the water.

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Ad Medium Filum Aquie

To the middle thread of the stream.

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Adjacent

Implies that the two objects or parcels of land are not widely separated, although they may not actually touch, while adjoining has the second meaning and implies that no third object or piece of land lies between them.

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Adjoining Owners

Those persons who own land touching the subject land and who is as a result have right to notice of proceedings concerning subject real estate as for example in zoning and licensing matters.

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Adverse Environmental Impacts

Those physical, biological and environmental changes which are of long-term duration, where the rate of recovery is low, where there is a high potential for direct and/or indirect effects and/or where the areas is considered to be critical habitat or of critical significance to the protection, management and enhancement of the shoreline ecosystem.

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Adverse Possession

A method of acquisition of title to real property by possession for a statutory period under certain conditions. It has been described as a statutory method of acquiring title to land by limitation. In order to establish title in this manner there must be proof of non-permissive use which is actual, open, notorious, exclusive and adverse for the statutorily established period.

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Affidavit

A statement or declaration reduced to writing and sworn to or affirmed to before some officer who has authority to administer an oath or affirmation.

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Agreement

The mutual understanding between two persons that forms a legal contract; and also, the written record of that arrangement.

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Air Rights

The rights granted by a fee simple, lease agreement, or other conveyance of an estate in real property to build upon, occupy, or use, in the manner and degree permitted, all or any portion of space above the ground or any other stated elevation within vertical planes (through the boundaries of the property).

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Aliquot

The description of fractional section ownership used in the U.S. and Canada. A parcel is generally identified by its section, township and range. The aliquot specifies its precise location within the section, for example, the northwest quarter of the southeast quarter.

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Alluvial Deposit

An area of sand, clay or other similar material that has been gradually deposited by moving water, such as along a river bed or shore of a lake.

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Ambitus

In roman law a path worn by going around, a space of at least 2 1/2 feet in width between neighbouring houses.

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Angle

The figure formed by two lines extending from the same point in degrees.

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Animus Possidendi

The intention of possession.

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Annual General Meeting (A.G.M.)

A meeting of the owners of a condominium corporation held in accordance with subsection 45 (2) of the Condominium Act.

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AOLS Plan Submission Form

All legal boundary survey plans prepared under the authority of the Association of Ontario Land Surveyors (AOLS) are required to include an official numbered sticker, embossed with the surveyor's seal. Plans are randomly reviewed and evaluated by the AOLS for content and quality to meet the statutes and regulations for legal boundary surveys. Copies of plans which do not have the surveyor's embossed seal are not considered "original plans".

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Appellant

The party which takes an appeal from one court to another.

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Appraisal

A valuation or an estimation of value of property by disinterested persons of suitable qualifications.

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Approval Authority

The approval authority for the purposes of sections 51, 51.1 and 51.2 of the Planning Act.

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Appurtenant Easement

Attaches to the land, benefiting the dominant estate.

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Aquifer

A water-bearing layer (or several layers) of rock or sediment capable of yielding supplies of water; typically is unconsolidated deposits or sandstone, limestone or granite; and can be classified as confined or unconfined.

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Arc

Any unbroken part of the circumference of a circle or other curved line.

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Arpent

Unit of length and area. As a unit of length, approximately 191.8 feet. The (square) arpent is a unit of area, approximately 0.845 acres, or 36,802 square feet.

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Artesian Well

A well that contains water under pressure. For artesian conditions to exist, an aquifer must be overlain by a confining material and receive a supply of water.

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As-built survey

A colloquial expression applied to new construction surveys. Sometimes used for property plans before the 1990s; also known as a "building location survey".

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Ascertainable Point

A point found or re-established in its original position on a line or boundary established during the original survey or on a line or boundary established during the survey of a plan of subdivision registered under the Land Titles Act or the Registry Act.

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Assign

At law, to transfer or make over to others, especially for the benefits of creditors

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Association of Ontario Land Surveyors (A.O.L.S.)

Professional body governing the practice of land surveying in Ontario.

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Astronomic Bearing

A bearing determined by a star observation.

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Astronomic North

The direction from any point along a meridian towards the North Pole; also called geographic north.

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Auditor

Means a person licensed as a public accountant under the Public Accounting Act, 2004 who is appointed as an auditor of a corporation under section 60.

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Authority Survey Plans

Prior legal plans of survey upon which surveyors rely for retracing boundaries.

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Avenue

A broad road in a town or city, typically having trees at regular intervals along its sides. In some cities a thoroughfare running at right angles to the streets in a city laid out on a grid pattern. A tree-lined approach to a country house.

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Azimuth

The directional bearing on a 360-degree circle which is measured clockwise from north.

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