Glossary beginning with B

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B

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B.O.M.A.

The Building Owners and Managers Association International is a federation of 93 BOMA U.S. associations, BOMA Canada and its 11 regional associations and 13 BOMA international affiliates. Founded in 1907, BOMA represents the owners and managers of all commercial property types. Its mission is to advance the interests of the entire commercial real estate industry through advocacy, education, research, standards and information.

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Backsight

A survey instrument scope sight on a previously established survey point.

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Bank (Top of, Bottom of)

The terms shore, bank, and water's edge, applied to navigable, non-tidal bodies of water, are synonymous as lines of demarcation and that the physical evidence to be sought in defining these lines may be described as follows: (a) Edge of the water in its natural condition. (b) Utmost border of dry land. (c) A line dividing the bed from the banks. (d) The water's edge. (e) An over-riding condition throughout that such lines of demarcation must be related to or governed by the water, (i) In its natural condition, (ii) Where its presence and action are common and usual in ordinary years.

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Base Line

A line surveyed under the instructions of the Minister before the 28th day of March, 1956, that is shown on the original plan thereof and deemed to have been made by competent authority and is true and unalterable and deemed to be defined by the original posts or blazed trees in the survey thereof.

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Base Map

A map containing the background upon which geographic data is overlaid and analyzed.

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Bays

The number of bays refers to the width of a building by counting the number of openings including both doors and windows. A house with a center door and a window on either side has 3 bays.

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Bearing

(a) A system for designating the directions of lines by means of angle and quadrant letters.
(b) The bearing of a line is the acute horizontal angle between a line and a reference meridian.

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Bed of Lake/Stream

The bed of a body of water is the land covered so long by water as to wrest it from vegetation, or as to mark a distinct character upon the vegetation where it extends into the water or upon the soil itself.

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Bedrock

A general term for any consolidated rock.

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Belfry

A small square bell tower placed atop a roof to house a bell, often found on churches and schools.

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Benchmark

A survey monument having a known elevation (typically geodetic, i.e. related to mean sea level), serving as a reference point for grade measurement.

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berm

a flat strip of land, raised bank, or terrace bordering a river or canal

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Best Evidence

The best evidence of a monument's original position is a continuous chain of history by acceptable records, dating back to the time of the original monumentation. A
found monument without background history is of little value as evidence; and, a set monument is worthless if unidentifiable in the future.

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Best Management Practices (BMPs)

Structural, non-structural and managerial techniques that are recognized to be the most effective and practical means to control non-point source pollutants yet are compatible with the productive use of the resource to which they are applied. BMPs are used in both urban and agricultural areas.

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Betterments and Improvements

Any additions or alterations made to a unit by a unit owner. These are not covered by the condominium corporation's master insurance policy and must be separately insured against under a unit owner's policy (similar to a tenant's rental package).

Freedman, Mark (1998).
Bill

A proposed Act that is before the legislative assembly for consideration. In order for a bill to be enacted and become an Act, it must receive three readings and be passed by the legislative assembly and then receive Royal Assent

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Biosphere

All living organisms (plant and animal life).

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Blaze

A mark made upon a tree trunk at about breast height by cutting out a piece of bark, leaving a flat scar upon the tree's surface.

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Blazed Line

Trees that stand within an axe handle length of and on either side of the line.

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Block

1. Unit of land created by a Registered Plan similar to lot;
2. Colloquial description of area of land contained within surrounding streets;
3. Unique mapped area in registry office records containing up to 9999 parcels with unique Property Identification Numbers.

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Bluff

Those sections of the shoreline where the land rises steeply away from the water such that the elevation of the top of the slope above the base or toe of the slope is greater than two metres and the average slope angle exceeds 1:3.

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Board

Means the board of directors of a corporation; or chartered organization

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Board and Batten

A method for siding in which the spaces between horizontal or vertical boards are covered by thinner strips called battens

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Board Fence

A fence constructed of wood posts, usually with vertical boards nailed to cross braces.

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Bollard

A short post used to prevent traffic from entering an area.

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Bona Fide

Without deceit or fraud. Actual and genuine.

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Border

(1) A line separating two countries, administrative divisions, or other areas; (2) also used colloquially in reference to a boundary.

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Bored Well

A well drilled with a large truck-mounted boring auger, usually 12 inches or more in diameter and seldom deeper than 100 feet.

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Borehole

A general term for any narrow shaft drilled in the ground, either vertically or horizontally. Constructed for many different purposes, including: extraction of water or fluid (e.g., oil) or gases (e.g., natural gas or methane), for a geotechnical investigation, for an environmental site assessment.

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Boulevard

Tends to be a wider street in a city, typically one lined with trees. Sometimes used to describe the area between the curb and sidewalk on an urban street.

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Boundaries Act Plans

Plans that show boundaries confirmed (certified) under the authority of the Boundaries Act in Ontario.

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Boundary

A line of demarcation between adjoining land parcels.

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Boundary Survey

A survey made to establish or to re-establish one or more boundary lines.

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Brackets

Ornamental supports, usually of wood or pressed metal, which appear at the cornice line of a building. They may be incised into a scrolled pattern or be more simply moulded and are common to all Italinate style buildings, but often appear with other styles as well.

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Broken Concession

A concession is any boundary of which is broken in whole or in part by a lake or river.

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Broken lot

An irregular lot or a regular lot whose area is diminished or increased by a natural or artificial feature shown on the original plan.

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Buffer zone

Geographical area that has the purpose to keep two or more areas distant from each other, created to protect an environmental or other designated area. A buffer zone is often created to enhance the protection of managed areas and may be situated around the periphery of a designated region.

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Building

Means a building included in a property.

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Building Location Survey

A term used for property plans showing buildings before the early 1990s; also known as an "as-built" survey.

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Built-up area

Land that is primarily used or zoned for residential, commercial or industrial purposes.

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Bulkhead

A bulkhead is a set of metal door providing an outdoor entrance to the cellar.

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Buttress

A wall support usually of stone or brick placed at the sides of a building, commonly seen on some Gothic Revival style churches.

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By-law

The legal instrument that the municipality's council uses to exercise its powers; it becomes effective on the date it is enacted unless it specifies otherwise.

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By-laws (Condominium Corporation)

Organizational documents which are passed by the board of directors of the condominium corporation and confirmed by not less than 51% of the owners. By-laws must be registered in the local Land Registry Office to become effective. They provide for the number of directors, duties and powers of the condominium, holding of meetings, borrowing of funds and other similar matters.

Freedman, Mark (1998).