Glossary beginning with D

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D

TERMDEFINITIONSOURCE/CREDIT
Data Collection Device

An instrument for digital storage of readings and information about those readings.

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Datum

A point, line, or surface used as a reference, as in surveying, mapping, or geology.

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Deciduous

(Of a tree or shrub) Shedding its leaves annually.

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Declarant

The registered owner of the property that becomes registered as a condominium. In most cases, it is the vendor in an agreement of purchase and sale (often the developer of the project).

Freedman, Mark (1998).
Declaration

The principal document that creates and governs a condominium corporation. It is the single most important document in the condominium after the Condominium Act and is registered in the local Land Registry Office, together with an assortment of architectural, structural and condominium plans called the Description, creating the condominium corporation. The Declaration is analogous to the Articles of Incorporation of a business corporation. It cannot be changed except by court order for an error or inconsistency or upon written consent of 100% of the owners and mortgagees in the condominium corporation.

Freedman, Mark (1998).
Decree

An order, decision or judgment of a court in certain civil claims.

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Dedication

A dedication of land is a donation of land, commonly made to the government, utility agencies, usually to satisfy a precondition to development.

Krcmar Surveyors Ltd.
Deed

A legal instrument which, when executed and delivered, conveys an estate in real property or an interest therein; includes a transfer under the Land Titles Act or Registry Acts, must be registered to be valid.

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Deflection Angle

The angular difference from a straight line at an angle point in a traverse.

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Demise

A transfer of property from one owner to the next, whether done by deed, lease, conveyance, or a will.

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Deposited

A document or plan which provides information about land and does not in and of itself cause any registered event to occur (as opposed to registering a subdivision or condominium plan).

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Diameter

A straight line passing from side to side through the centre of a body or figure, especially a circle or sphere.

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Differential GPS

Single point positioning with corrections applied from simultaneous observations at a known position. One to ten meter accuracy is typical.

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Digital

(Of signals or data) Expressed as series of the digits 0 and 1, typically represented by values of a physical quantity such as voltage or magnetic polarization.

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Director

The Director of Titles appointed under subsection 9 (1) of the Land Titles Act.

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Discharge

A discharge of a charge under the Land Titles Act and a certificate of discharge of mortgage under the Registry Act.

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Disclosure Statement (New Condominiums)

The Condominium Act, requires that every Declarant (developer) must deliver a purchase a copy of the current Disclosure Statement and all material amendments hereto. It is a "book" of documents describing the condominium and setting out all of the various rights and obligations of everyone concerned, such as whether pets are permitted and what you can and cannot do in your unit. It also contains the proposed Declaration, bylaws, rules, insurance trust agreement, management agreement, budget statement etc.

Freedman, Mark (1998).
Distance

The length of the space between two points.

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Document

Includes an instrument as defined in section 1 of the Registry Act.

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Domesday Book

The ancient record of the Grand, or Great Inquest or Survey of the lands of England (1085-86) by order of William the Conqueror. The Domesday Book gives a census-like description of the realm, with the names of the proprietors, the nature, extent, value, liabilities, etc., of their properties. It was, in effect, a cadastral survey.

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Dominant Estate

An estate, the owners of which are entitled to an easement over another's property. The land of which the easement is in favour. Does not need to be adjacent.

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Dormer

A window opening at the roof level, topped by a front gable or shed roof.

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Dower

That portion of, or interest in, the real estate of a deceased husband which the law gives to his widow for life. The extent varies with statutory provisions.

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Drafting

Art of preparing a plan, sketch or drawing by freehand application of ink on paper or by computer-aided technique.

Krcmar Surveyors Ltd.
Drainage Basin

An extent of land that feeds and provides runoff to a fluvial network that converges to a single channel or lake at the outlet; a watershed

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Draw

To produce (a picture or diagram) by making lines and marks on paper with a pencil, pen, etc.

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Drilled Well

A well usually 10 inches or less in diameter, drilled with a drilling rig and cased with steel or plastic pipe. Drilled wells can be of varying depth.

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Dripline

The downward vertical projection of the outer-most extent of tree branches within a woodland, and collectively, the edge of the woodland.

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Dug Well

A large diameter well dug by hand or by an auguring machine, usually old and often cased by concrete or hand-laid bricks.

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Dwelling Unit

One or more habitable rooms capable of being occupied as an independent and separate housekeeping establishment in which separate kitchen and sanitary facilities are provided for the exclusive use of the occupants.

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