Glossary beginning with E

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E

TERMDEFINITIONSOURCE/CREDIT
E.D.M.

Electronic Distance Measuring

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Easement

An interest or right in land owned by another that entitles its holder to a specific limited use. An easement is a right to use someone else's land for a specific purpose.

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Easement in Gross

An easement that does not require an abutting dominant tenement (usually a utility easement).

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Eaves

The edge of the roof that overhangs the exterior walls, sometimes with exposed rafters.

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Effective Precipitation

The part of precipitation which produces runoff ; a weighted average of current and past precipitation correlating with runoff. It is also that part of the precipitation falling on an irrigated area which is effective in meeting the requirements of consumptive use.

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Effluent

The discharge of a pollutant in a liquid form, often from a pipe into a stream or river.

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Egress

The right or permission to go out from a place; right of exit; usually associated with emergency exiting for vehicles and pedestrians.

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EHS

Acronym for East of Hurontario Street.

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Elevation

The vertical distance from a datum, generally mean sea level, to a point or object on the earth's surface.

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Ellipsoid

A spheroid, the mathematical model used to describe the shape of the earth for geodetic computations. The figure is formed by rotating an ellipse about its minor (shorter) axis.

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Ellipsoid Height

The distance from a point to the reference ellipsoid along a line normal to the ellipsoid.

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Eminent Domain

The right of governmental agencies in the USA to take private property for public use.

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Encroachment

An structure or occupational feature which intrudes upon the land of another usually adverse to the rightful owner.

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Encumbrance

A claim that secures the payment of money or the performance of any other obligation and includes a charge, a mortgage or a lien.

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Endowment

The gift to an organization which is intended to provide long-term support, which may include both money and property.

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Engineering Survey

A survey executed for the purpose of obtaining information that is essential for planning an engineering project or development.

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Environmentally Sound

Refers to those principles, methods and procedures involved in addressing the protection, management and enhancement of the ecosystem which are used in disciplines such as geology, geomorphology, hydrology, botany and zoology and applied in the valid study of shoreline and fluvial processes, vegetation, wildlife and aquatic habitat resource management.

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Epoch

A specific instant in time. GPS carrier phase measurements are made at a given frequency (e.g. every 30 seconds) or epoch rate.

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Equity

A system of laws parallel to the common law. Equity was developed to ameliorate the harshness of the common law which recognized only strict legal rights.

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Erosion

The wearing away of the land surface by running water, wind, ice or other geological agents, including such processes as gravitational creep. Geological erosion is natural occurring erosion over long periods of time. Natural erosion can legally reduce the size of a land parcel that adjoins to a body of water.

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Error Ellipse

A statistical measure of the positional error at a given point.

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Escheat

Reversion of property to the state when there is no one competent or available to inherit.

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Escrow

A writing, deed, money, stock, or other property delivered by the grantor, promiser or obligator into the hands of a third person to be held by the latter until the happening of a contingency or performance of a condition and then by him delivered to the grantee, promisee, or obligee.

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Estate

The degree, quantity, nature, and extent of interest which a person has in real and personal property.

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Estoppel

The situation or doctrine whereby one is concluded and forbidden by law to speak against his own act or deed. The situation can arise in disputes over a boundary if one of the parties tries to make a claim rendered suspect or invalid by his own actions or record. The principle that you can not take something back that would cause damage to someone who relied on the original acts.

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Estoppel Certificate

Documentation (sometimes required for condominium/strata units) of a condominium corporation's financial well-being and legal state.

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Evidence

Statements, information, and things that are used to prove or disprove an alleged fact.

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Examiner of Surveys

Means the examiner of surveys appointed under section 14 of the Land Titles Act.

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Exclusive Use of Common Elements

Part of the common elements reserved for the sole use of one or more unit owners (such as balconies, front/rear yards, parking spaces).

Freedman, Mark (1997).
Exclusive Use Portion

Part of the common elements that is used by
a) the owners of one or more designed units, but not all the owners, in the case of a corporation that is not a common elements condominium.
b) the owners of one or more common interests in the case of common elements condominium.

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Exclusive Use Portions Survey

Part of the plans of survey that shows the exclusive use portions.

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Executor

The person named in a will to carry out the instructions in the will.

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Expert Witness

A person who has special knowledge or experience who testifies in court to help the jury or judge understand the evidence in their subject area.

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Expropriating Authority

The Crown or any person empowered by statute to expropriate land.

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Expropriation Plan

Plan prepared by or for a municipality or provincial Ministry of Transportation to acquire lands required for government purposes. Most often prepared to acquire lands for road widening purposes.

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Extent of Title

The size and shape of a land parcel defined by survey and/or legal description; also referred to as "Quantity of Title".

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Extinguishment

The act of rendering legally nonexistent.

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Eyelid Dormer

A half-elliptical decorative window placed in the roof surface, resembling the shape of an eye.

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EYS

Acronym for East of Yonge Street.

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