Glossary beginning with L

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LACAC (Local Architectural Conservation Advisory Committee)

An advisory committee to a municipal council. It's prime responsibility is to recommend heritage property designation under the Ontario Heritage Act.

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Lagoon

Water impoundment in which organic wastes are stored or stabilized, or both.

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Lakeward

A perspective from the land towards the lake or river.

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Land

Land, tenements, hereditaments and appurtenances and any estate or interest therein.

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Land Division Committee

A consent granting committee appointed by the council of an upper-tier municipality composed of not fewer than three people responsible for hearing applications and approving consent to subdivide land.

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Land Registrar

Official overseeing one or more registry offices under whose authority instruments and plans are registered or deposited.

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Land Registry Office

Repository for registered and deposited documents under the land Titles and/or Registry Acts. See also "Registry Office".

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Land Surveying

The establishment or reestablishment of land boundaries and the plotting of lands and subdivisions thereof. The practice of land surveying includes surveying of areas for their correct determination and description and for conveyance.

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Land Trust

An incorporated, non-profit, charitable organization formed for the purpose of protecting and preserving the ecological, agricultural, scenic, historic or recreational lands in its care. There are 44 land trusts in Ontario within the Ontario Land Trust Alliance.

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Landward

A perspective from the lake or river towards the land.

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Latitude

Is generally defined as the "angular distance" measured on a meridian.
(1) Astronomic is the angle between a plumb line and the plane of the celestial equator, i.e. measured on the geoid.
(2) Geodetic is the angle between a normal to the reference spheroid and the geodetic equator.

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Lawyer

A person authorized under the Law Society Act to practice law in Ontario.

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Layout

The way in which the parts of something are arranged or laid out.

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Leachate

Liquids that have percolated through a soil and that carry substances in solution or suspension.

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Leaching

The downward transport of dissolved or suspended minerals, fertilizers and other substances by water passing through a soil or other permeable material.

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League

An obsolete unit of length. The league was most commonly defined as three miles (about 4.8 km), although the length of a "mile" varies from place to place and at different times. At sea, a league was three nautical miles (about 5.6 km).

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Lease

Any agreement which gives rise to relationship of landlord and tenant or lessor and lessees. It is a contract for exclusive possession of lands or tenements for determinant period. Leases are often classified according to determinant period.

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Leasehold Condominium Corporation

A condominium corporation in which all the units and their appurtenant common interests are subject to leasehold interests held by the owners.

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Least Squares

A method of estimating a quantity or fitting a graph to data so as to minimize the sum of the squares of the differences between the observed values and the estimated values.

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Legal Description

A description, recognized by law, locating property by reference to geographic pattern of land. Generally stated in reference to all or part of lots on a Registered Plan or by lot and concession. This is not the municipal or civic address.

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Legal Survey

A survey made to define boundaries of parcels of land suitable for the transfer of rights. It includes the preparation of field notes and plans and any examination, approval or confirmation that may be required.

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Legend

The wording on a map or diagram explaining the symbols used.

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Legislation

(1) Laws, considered collectively; (2) the process of making or enacting laws.

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Legislature

The Queen, as represented by the Lieutenant Governor, acting by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly. After a bill receives three readings and is passed by the Legislative Assembly, the Lieutenant Governor, on behalf of the Queen, assents to the bill by signing it. The bill is thus enacted by the Legislature.

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Lessor, In Relation to a Leasehold Condominium Corporation

The person who owns the freehold estate in the land described in the condominium description.

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Letters probate

Includes letters testamentary or a similar grant based on a will proven before a court having jurisdiction in probate matters outside Ontario.

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Levee

An embankment alongside a river to prevent high water from flooding bordering lands.

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Levelling

A rigorous process used by surveyors in the field to transfer a elevation from a known benchmark to a new site benchmark. Property performed the process requires a loop or closure to verify the accuracy of the elevation of the newly established benchmark.

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Licence

Issued under he Surveyors Act to engage the practice of cadastral surveying

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Licensed surveyor

A member of the Association of Ontario Land Surveyors licensed to engage in the practice of cadastral surveying; each member has a unique number, which is usually imprinted on "surveyors iron bars" for easy recognition (see iron bars).

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Lien

A claim, encumbrance, or charge on property for payment of some debt, obligation or duty.

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Limitations

A limiting rule or circumstance; a restriction. The period set by legislation.

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Limits

A point or level beyond which something does not or may not extend or pass. Can also refer to boundary of a property.

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Line Fences Act

Legislation providing a procedure that enables neighbouring landowners to have their fencing disputes arbitrated by municipally appointed fence-viewers which is applicable to situations where one owner wants to construct, repair or maintain a fence on a property boundary line, but is unable to reach agreement with the other owner on the type of fence to be erected, the sharing of the costs of the fence, or both of these issues.

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Link

Unit of length equal to 1/100 chain (7.92 inches).

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Lintel

Load bearing and/or ornamental structural component over a building portal

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Lis Pendens

A notice of an action involving real estate; notice that there is a lien or other title limiting action pending against the real estate.

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Long Lot

An elongated lot that occurs on lands that were occupied and established by the French explorers and traders. Generally elongated and generally run perpendicular to a body of water.

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Lost Corner

A corner established during an original survey or during a survey of a plan of subdivision registered under the Land Titles Act or the Registry Act where the original surveyors post no longer exists or never existed and which cannot be re-established from the field notes of either of such surveys or by evidence under oath.

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Lost Monument

A "lost monument" is one whose position can be re-established only by measurements from some other monument or monuments to which it had previously been connected by survey.

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Lot

A unique parcel of land on a numbered registered plan of subdivision, or part of an original township concession.

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Lot Corner Tie

This is a surveyed dimension, shown on a plan, indicating the distance between a boundary and physical feature such as a building corner. Comparisons may be made on a survey plan with previous ties on older plans.

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Lot Fabric

All properties in Ontario carry another identification and numbering system dating back to the time of the first land settlers. Land was then divided into lots, concessions, townships, and more recently into subdivision plans, condominium plans, etc. as well as into Towns/Cities/Regions to enable us to describe each and every property. This underlying fabric is the base for the legal descriptions we rely on for all land transactions and government authorities' use. Note that the underlying lot fabric on the face of the plan must match the Title Block.

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Lot Frontage

The horizontal distance between the side lot lines.

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Lot Line

The line that divides a lot from a street, private right of way, Crown shoreline reserve or high-water mark of a river or lake, and other lots.

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