Glossary beginning with P

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P

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P1, P2, etc.

Abbreviation typically shown in the legend on a survey plan citing another surveyor's plan and the date thereof.

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Palladian Window

A three-part, round-arched window, named for the 15th century Italian architect Andreas Palladino, also known as a Venetian Window and common in the Georgian and Colonial Revival styles.

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Parapet

A low stone or brick wall at the top of a building. A crenalated parapet has rhythmic breaks in the wall to create a pattern of battlements.

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Parcel

An area of land surveyed or otherwise defined. It includes, but is not limited to, lots, blocks, rights-of-way, land use areas, condominium units, sections, quarter sections, legal subdivisions and concessions.

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Park Land Dedication

Municipalities have the authority to require that a developer give a portion of the development land to a municipality for a park or other recreational purposes either at the plan of subdivision approval or consent approval stage (Planning Act, subsection 51.1(1)) or as a condition of development or redevelopment of land (Planning Act, section 42). Instead of giving over the land, the municipality may require the developer to pay an amount of money equal to the value of the land that would have otherwise been given.

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Part-lot Control

Once a plan of subdivision has been registered, a landowner may sell any complete lot within that plan. However, a landowner may not sell a part or piece of a lot or block in that registered plan without further approvals under the Ontario Planning Act. This has the effect of preventing any further division of land within a registered plan of subdivision without a further application for Subdivision, Land Division, or Part Lot Control.

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Part-lot Control By-law Exemption

This process is used to lift Part Lot Control restrictions from lands within registered plans of subdivision to create parcels for sale. It usually is used for townhouse developments after construction has started to accurately set the boundary lines between the townhouse units. Section 50 of the Planning Act grants the municipality the authority to pass a By-law to exempt lands within a Plan of Subdivision from the Part Lot Control provisions in the Act.

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Partition

A division of real property (real estate) between two or more people.

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Party Wall

A wall common to two adjoining buildings or rooms.

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Patent

A conveyance or deed from the sovereign for the sovereign's interest in a tract of land.

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Pediment

A triangular space created by a front facing gable roof, often seen in Classical Revivial style buildings.

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Pedis Possessio

Actual possession of real property implying actual occupancy or enclosure and use.

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Pendant

An ornamental piece of wood or metal hanging down from a porch, cornice or bracket.

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Pent Roof

A narrow shed style roof placed above the first floor of a building to protect the doors, windows and lower walls, often covering all four sides of the building.

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Percentage Common Interest

The percentage attributed to each unit stating that unit's interest in the common elements. This percentage is found in the Declaration (Schedule "D") and the total percentage for all units must equal 100%.

Freedman, Mark (1998).
Percentage Contribution to Common Expenses

The percentage allocated to each unit stating the unit's proportionate share of the common expenses. The percentage is multiplied by the yearly budget and divided by 12 to determine the monthly expenses for the unit. This percentage is found in the Declaration.

Freedman, Mark (1998).
Perch

A unit of linear measure equal to 25 links or 16 1/2 feet; in land area, a square rod; 272.25 square feet or 0.00625 acre.

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Pergola

A structure consisting of posts supporting an open roof In the form of a trellis.

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Perpetuity

A state of being continued forever

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Personal Property

In a broad and general sense, everything that is the subject of ownership, excluding real property (i.e. excluding land).

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Phantom Mortgage

A mortgage taken back by the Vendor to assist in financing from occupancy closing to final closing. This is not to be confused with the real financing purchasers require from a bank or trust company to enable them to pay the balance of the purchase price.

Freedman, Mark (1997).
Phase

The additional units and common elements in a phased condominium created upon the registration of an amendment to both the declaration and description.

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Phase One Property

Property that is the subject of a phase one environmental site assessment.

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Phase Two property

Property that is the subject of a phase two environmental site assessment.

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Phased Condominium Corporation

Additional units and common elements in a phased condominium corporation that are created upon the registration of an amendment to both the declaration and description.

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Photogrammetric Surveying

The form of surveying that employs aerial photography, terrestrial photography, light detection and ranging, satellite imagery or other technologies that can be utilized for remote measurements and calculations.

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Piezometer

Either a device used to measure static liquid pressure in a system by measuring the height to which a column of the liquid rises against gravity, or a device which measures the pressure (more precisely, the piezometric head) of groundwater at a specific point.

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Pilaster

A pilaster is a narrowly protruding column attached to a wall, giving the illusion of a real free standing support column.

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Pillar

A support column without classical detailing.

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Plaintiff

A person who brings an action.

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Plan

A drawing which represents the particular area included in a survey and the lines surveyed, established, retraced or resurveyed, showing the direction and length of each such line; the boundaries, descriptions, and area of each parcel of land subdivided; a representation of the relief and improvements within the limits of the survey. A survey plan that is drawn in accordance with applicable regulations.

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Plan of Subdivision

A plan of subdivision that is registered under the Land Titles Act and identifiable by an "M" in the plan number. In the past, these plans were more commonly registered under the Registry Act and are identifiable as "RP". The document by which new parcels of land are created.

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Plan of Survey

Is a catch-all phrase for many different types of plans. A legal survey which may be undertaken by a licensed Ontario Land Surveyor.

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Planimetric Map

Depiction of features on a two-dimensional plane without any reference to contours or topographic relief.

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Planted

A survey marker that the surveyor set or installed on the ground to locate a property corner.

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Plastic Bar

A bar that is made out of high impact plastic, that is twenty-five millimetres square and at least 30 centimetres long and has embedded magnet.

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Plat

An American term for a survey plan.

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Point of Beginning

The starting point of the survey or written description.

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Pointed Arch

An arch with a strong center point, usually seen in Gothic Revival style buildings.

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Pole

Unit of length and area. Also known as a "perch" or "rod". As a unit of length, equal to 16.5 feet. A mile is 320 &s. As a unit of area equal to a square with sides one pole long. An acre is 160 square poles. It was common to see an area referred to as "87 acres, 112 poles", meaning 87 and 112/160 acres.

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Porch

A structure outside the main support walls of a building, located in the vicinity of a door.

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Porosity

The percentage of space in the soil or aquifer mass not occupied by solids with respect to the total volume of mass.

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Portico

A small entrance porch.

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Possession

Exercise of the right to use real property (i.e. land) to the exclusion of others.

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Post and Wire Fence

A fence constructed of spaced posts with single strand or meshed wire attached.

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Potable water

Water that is fit to drink.

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Practice of Cadastral Surveying

Advising on, reporting on, conducting or supervising the conducting of surveys to establish, locate, define or describe lines, boundaries or corners of parcels of land or land covered with water

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Practice of Professional Surveying

The determination or analysis of spatial attributes of natural and artificial features on, above or below the surface of the earth, whether or not the surface of the earth is situated below water, and the storage and representation of such features on a chart, map, plan or geographic representation and includes the practice of cadastral surveying

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Precision

The degree of refinement in the performance of an operation, or the degree of perfection in the instruments and methods used when making the measurements.

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Prescribed

Prescribed by the regulations made under any Act.

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Prescription

The manner of acquiring adverse rights in another's land. Prescriptive rights are similar to "adverse possession "but that term is used for title interest. "Prescription" refers to rights of use in land belonging to another, such as right of access. Usually requires 20 years of uninterrupted passage to claim a right.

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Prima Facie Evidence

Evidence deemed by law to be sufficient to establish a fact if the evidence is not disputed.

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Priority of Evidence

Priority of Evidence
Greenleaf's rule giving priority to those things about which men] are least likely to make mistakes
1. Natural boundaries.
2. Lines actually run and corners actually marked at the time of the grant,
3. Lines and courses of an adjoining tract if these are called for,
4. Courses and distances, giving preference to one or the other according to the
circumstances.

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Priority of Severance

Order in time in which parcels of land were severed from an earlier lot or parcel.

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Production

A line or course extended beyond its termination point usually to a boundary or monument.

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Professional Member

A member of the A.O.L.S. who is a licensed member or holds a certificate of registration.

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Project

Means a plan, map, drawing, file, report or any other form or transmittal by which a professional member advises or gives an opinion as to,
(a) The establishment or determination of boundaries delineating any right or interest in land or land covered with water, or
(b) The determination or analysis of spatial attributes of natural and artificial features on, above or below the surface of the earth, whether or not the surface of the earth is situated below water;

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Promenade

Shown on old subdivision plans

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Proof Line

A line surveyed across one or more concessions in the original survey of a single front township or of a double front township to govern the course of a side line of a lot.

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Property

Used commonly to denote anything which is the subject of ownership. It extends to every species of valuable right and interest, and includes real and personal property.

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Property Identification Number (P.I.N.)

Each parcel of land in Ontario has been assigned a unique number. The first five numbers represent the "Block" in which it lies. Title information and legal descriptions are available for each P.I.N.

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Proportionate Measurement

Is one that applies an even distribution of a determined excess or deficiency of measurement, ascertained by retracement of an established line.

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Proposed Declarant

Include, where applicable, a person who proposes or intends to register a condominium declaration and description.

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Proposed Property

The property described in the declaration and description that are required to be registered to designate a proposed unit as a unit under the Condominium Act.

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Proposed Unit

Land described in an agreement of purchase and sale that provides for delivery to the purchaser of a deed in registerable form after a condominium declaration and description have been registered in respect of the land.

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Purchaser

1) Person(s) or corporation acquiring real property or an interest therein;
2) The purchaser of an owner's interest in a condominium unit and the appurtenant common interest.

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