Glossary beginning with T

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T

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Tangent (tan)

(1) A line that touches a circle at exactly one point and which makes a right angle with the circle's radius.

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Target

(1) Any object or point toward which something is directed; (2) an object which reflects a sufficient amount of a radiated signal to produce an echo signal on detection equipment.

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Technician

A person with a practical understanding of technology. A technician has a good knowledge of the general principles of the field he/she are in.

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Technologist

Has a wider range of duties when compared to a technician. The technologist is the team leader, and duties include research, analyzing, designing, conducting studies, resolving problems, etc.

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Telecommunications

Means the emission, transmission or reception of any combination of signs, signals, writing, images, sound, data, alphanumeric characters or intelligence of any nature by wire, cable, radio or an optical, electromagnetic or any similar technical system.

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Tenement

Signifies everything that may be held, if it is of a permanent nature, whether it is corporeal or incorporeal.

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Tenure

The conditions under which land or buildings are held or occupied.

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Teranet

The company that is contracted by the Ontario government to manage Ontario's Electronic Land Registration System (ELRS) and facilitates the delivery of electronic land registration services such as online property search and registration in Ontario.

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Thence

Term used in metes and bounds descriptions found in deeds signifying the next described course along a property.

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Theodolite

A surveying instrument with a rotating telescope for measuring horizontal and vertical angles.

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Theory

A set of principles on which the practice of an activity is based.

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Tie

Colloquial term denoting a distance from the boundary to a physical feature on land (usually a building).

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Time Lag

The time required for processes and control systems to respond to a signal or to reach a desired level. (Also referred to as lag time)

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Title

Ownership of real property including interests that land may be subject to (e.g. mortgage) or have in other lands (e.g. right-of-way) to the exclusion of all other claimants.

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Title Block

Represents a short summary of the land's description (known as the "legal description"). In addition to street addresses, Ontario properties are identified with a numbering and identification system that dates back to the time of the first land settlers. Originally, land was divided into lots, concessions, townships and subsequently into subdivision plans, condominium plans with into Towns/Cities/Regions in order to describe each and every property by its physical geographic location. These legal descriptions remain in use by municipal and provincial governmental authorities for tax assessments and land transactions recorded in the land registry offices.

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Title Insurance

An insurance policy providing coverage for an unforeseen deficit in the insured party's interest in the insured parcel of land.

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Title Search Period

The period of forty years described in subsection 112 (1) of the Registry Act.

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Title Survey

A "survey" in the context of a formal Agreement of Purchase and Sale means a survey prepared and signed by a qualified Ontario Land Surveyor registered under The Surveyors Act, with a date and all the required details and identification marks.

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Toise

A French unit of measure based on a French legal standard of length of the same name and equal to about 6.4 English feet.

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Tolerance

An allowable amount of variation of a specified quantity, especially in the dimensions of a machine or part.

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Topographical Survey

A survey which has for its major purposes the determination of the configuration (relief) of the surface of the earth (ground), and the location of natural and artificial objects thereon.

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Topography

The circumstance of hills and valleys in a geographic area. The "lay of the land".

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Torrens Title

At the time of the first registration under this system there is a quiet title action on the property giving a new starting point to the chain of title and eliminating the need for maintaining previous records. Ownership and possession is assured.

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Total Station

A total station is an electronic/optical instrument used in modern surveying and building construction; an electronic theodolite (transit) integrated with an electronic distance meter (EDM) to read slope distances from the instrument to a particular point.

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Tourelle

A small tower often trimmed with corbelling.

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Tower

A tall structure, either square or round in shape, rising higher than the rest of the building.

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Township

The townships in Ontario are organized in lots and concessions, or in sections.

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Tracery Window

A pointed arch window filled with curving stone mullions often seen on Gothic Revival style buildings.

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Transfer

A conveyance of freehold or leasehold land and includes a deed and a transfer, but does not include a lease or a charge; a document.

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Transferee

A person in whose favour a transfer is given.

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Transferor

A person who gives a transfer.

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Transom Light

A flat, glass panel above a door, usually multi-paned.

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Traverse

A traverse which begins and ends at the same point (closed loop), or begins and ends at points whose relative positions have been determined by other surveys.

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TRCA

Toronto Region Conservation Authority

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Tree Tag

A small label of durable metal or plastic, embossed with a unique number and fixed with a small nail to one side of a tree at a convenient height.

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Trespass

An unlawful act causing injury to rights or property of another.

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Trigonometry

The branch of mathematics dealing with the relations of the sides and angles of triangles and with the relevant functions of any angles.

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True and Unalterable

The unalterable status of lines and boundaries established in the course of original survey.

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Trust

The relationship between persons where one person holds property on behalf of or for the benefit of another. A trust may be an "express trust", which is created by a trust agreement; an "implied trust", which the law infers from circumstances; a "resulting trust" by which trust property reverts to the original owner in special circumstances; or a "constructive trust", which is a recently developed remedy by which the law requires reimbursement for unjust enrichment, fraud or other legal wrong.

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Tudor Arch

A flattened arch with a center point above a door or window, commonly seen in Tudor Revival style buildings, (also called a 4 centered arch).

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Turbidity

A measure of water cloudiness caused by suspended solids.

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Turret

A small tower at the corner of a building.

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