An agreement, known as the "Great Charter", reached between King John and the Barons of England at Runnymede in 1215 whereby the King agreed to important and specific limitations upon the rights of the Crown.
The direction of magnetic north as determined by the positive pole of a freely suspended magnetic needle which is subject to no transient, artificial disturbance; used by early surveyors in the settlement of land.
A change or a series of changes that a reasonable purchaser, on an objective basis, would have regarded collectively as sufficiently important to the decision to purchase a condominium unit or proposed unit in the corporation that it is likely that the purchaser would not have entered into an agreement of purchase and sale for the unit or the proposed unit or would have exercised the right to rescind such an agreement of purchase and sale under section 73 of the Condominium Act.
A dynamic system where curves or bends develop in a watercourse resulting from erosion of a sediment on the outer-bank and deposition of sediment on the inner-bank of the bends which may be disrupted by weather events or extreme erosion.
Once a surveyor has "set" some distances and directions to re-establish boundaries, the resulting measurements must be documented and compared to official records. Regulations require that all results, conflicting or otherwise must be recorded in the performance of the survey. Surveyors commonly "set" 2 or more distances between two (2) adjoining properties to re-establish the property line, and "measure" the remaining distances, in an effort to get a solid mathematical match of all the evidence.
The source of any distance or direction used to re-establish or verify a property boundary must be documented on the face of the survey. Municipalities and other governmental agencies perform surveys of roads and land under their control. Reliance on distances and directions off municipal road surveys is standard in boundary re-establishment, as they provide previous survey evidence for consideration by the Surveyor in giving his legal opinion.
The amount by which a series of survey measurements fail to yield a theoretical or previously determined value for a survey quantity; hence a measure of the accumulated errors and blunders in the work.
A minor variance is a small variation from the requirements of the zoning by-law. A minor variance approval is a certificate of permission, because it allows the property owner to obtain a building permit even though their property does not comply precisely with the zoning by-law.